The sacred Way was the most famous street in ancient Rome, along which victorious generals rode in triumphal procession proceeeding to the Capitoline Hill to give thanks to Jupiter, the Great and Good. Immediately on its right are the ruins of the Basilica Emilia (named after the Aemilia family), it was used for the administration of justice. Walking forwards the Sacred Way,stands the great Curia Iulia, seat of the Senate.
In front of it is the Lapis Niger, an area paved with black marble slabs which the Romans believed was the tomb of Romolus. Beyond the Curia rises the Arch of Septimus Severus. The northern short side of the Forum was closed by the Rostra, the orators’ platform to which the Romans had fixed the prows (rostra) of the enemy ships defeated at Antium (338 b.C.).
Between the Rostra and the Tabularium (the state archive) rose the temples of Concord, of Vespasian and of Saturn linking the Forun to the Capitoline Hill. On the south-east corner of the Forum stands the Basilica Julia, used for the administration of Justice. On this side of the Forum rise many bases of statues and an honorary column dedicated to the Emperor Foca in 608 b.C. To the east of the Basilica Julia stand three columns belonging to the temple of the Dioscuri while in the centre of the Forum is the Temple of Caesar (29 b.C.) dedicated to the ‘god’ Julius Caesar.
Immediately to the east of the temple of Caesar is the Regia which was held to have been the residence of the second king of Rome, Numa. Right in front it stands one of the most ancient and important sanctuaries of Rome, the temple of Vesta, and next to it the House of the Vestal Virgins. Opposite side there were the Temple of Antoninus and Faustina and the Temple of Romolus.
The outstanding building which rises next to it was the Basilica of Maxentius, started by that Emperor in the early IV century. At the north-west end of the Forum stands the Temple of Venus and Rome, erected by the Emperor Hadrian (135 A.D.). The southern short side of the Forum is closed by the Arch of Titus (around 81 A.D.)
Why not step back in time with and enjoy a guided tour of the Roman Forum, with its impressive temples and arches still standing after many centuries.